President Donald Trump endorsed a bill by Sen. Tom Cotton, and Sen. David Perdue, titled Reforming American Immigration for Strong Employment (RAISE).
Senior White House adviser, Stephen Miller, says that, “Every year, we issue a million green cards to foreign nationals from all the countries of the world, but we do so without regard to whether that applicant has demonstrated a skill that can add to the US economy; whether they can pay their own way or be reliant on welfare; or whether they’ll displace or take a job from an American worker.”
Currently, green cards are given to more than a million people a year, however, the RAISE Act proposes that the number of green cards should be reduced and be given to 500,000 people a year instead.
Currently, Employment-based green cards are issued to 140,000 people a year; however, the RAISE Act proposes that Employment-based green cards be issued through a point-based system.
Currently, 1 in 15 immigrants come to the US because of their skills. However, the RAISE Act will prioritize highly skilled immigrants and will select applicants who are highly educated, highly paid, can financially support themselves and their dependents while living in America, and who demonstrate skills that will contribute to the American economy. The proposed changes reflect the point-based immigration systems in Canada and Australia.
Currently, green cards are issued to people who have extended family members living legally in USA. However, with the RAISE act, that preference will be removed. The number of immigrants that come through the Diversity Visa Program and the Refugee Program will be reduced and new green card holders will not be eligible to receive welfare from the state for five years after arriving.
By scrapping the current lottery system to get into USA and by reducing the number of green cards for extended family members, the RAISE Act would institute a points-based system for earning a green card. By seeking to create a system based more on merit and skills than family ties, if passed by Congress, the RAISE Act could benefit applicants who are proficient in English, are highly educated, have sufficient funds to support themselves and their families, meet the age requirements and demonstrate skills that will contribute to the American economy.
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