Provincial Nominee Program or PNP is a pathway for Canada immigration being run by the provincial governments and the federal government of Canada. It was introduced in the year 1998 and focuses on meeting the labour and demographic needs of any particular province. It also aims to bring in foreign workers with the occupations skills that are in demand in Canada.
Express Entry via Provincial Nominee Program
Almost all the provinces and territories in Canada have their own Provincial Nominee Programs and all of those have at least one immigration stream or category aligned to the federal Express Entry. If an Express Entry candidate receives provincial nomination, they will get an additional 600 Comprehensive Ranking System(CRS) score points, thus increasing their chances for receiving an Invitation to Apply(ITA) for permanent residence in Canada, in a subsequent Express Entry draw. Provincial Nominee Program is also a viable alternative for those who may not qualify for Canada immigration through Express Entry because of low CRS scores. Such candidates may apply for Canada immigration through Provincial Nominee Program, if they meet the eligibility requirements.
How Provincial Nominee Program works
Each PNP has different immigration categories and streams, based on the specific labour market and demographic needs of that particular province. The application process is also different for different PNPs. The PNPs also have a score-based selection system and they conduct regular draws to select eligible candidates. Often, draws are also conducted by PNPs to select candidates who have work experience in occupations that are on high demand in that particular province at that particular time. So the candidates need to select the right Provincial Nominee Program for them based on their qualifications and preferences.
If you are applying for Canada immigration through provincial nomination, choosing the right PNP program is pivotal in deciding the success of your application. You may seek the help of Canada immigration experts of CanApprove to choose the right PNP pathway for you.
How to Apply for PNP?
In order to migrate to Canada through Provincial Nominee Program, you need to receive a nomination for permanent residence in Canada from a province or territory. The steps involved in obtaining a provincial nomination are as follows:
1. Choose and apply to the PNP of the province or territory where you want to settle.
2. If you meet the skills, education, work experience and other requirements and demonstrate your ability to support yourself and your family once you settle in that province or territory, your application will be accepted.
3. The province or territory will select you based on their assessment whether you are able to meet their economic or labour market needs.
4. Once selected, you will be invited to apply for a provincial nomination in one of the Provincial Nominee Program draws conducted by the province or territory.
5. Upon receiving the provincial nomination, you may apply for permanent residence in Canada within the given time period.
The application process for Canada Provincial Nominee Program
If you have received the nomination through an immigration pathway aligned to the federal Express Entry, you will receive an invitation to apply for permanent residence in Canada in a subsequent federal Express Entry draw. But if you have received nomination under a non-Express Entry PNP stream, you need to apply directly using a regular application process.
The application process is different for different PNP programs. Some PNPs are always open to accept applications from qualified candidates. At the same time, some PNPs manage the applications through an Expression of Interest(EOI) system. Candidates interested in these PNPs may submit an Expression of Interest profile to that particular PNP. Then these profiles will be ranked on the basis of qualifications and those with the highest ranks will be invited to apply for provincial nomination in the Expression of Interest draws conducted by these provinces. At the same time, some other PNPs select candidates directly from the federal Express Entry pool and invite them to submit a formal Expression of Interest.
Eligibility for Canada PNP
To apply for permanent residence in Canada as a provincial nominee, you must have obtained provincial nomination from one of the provinces or territories of Canada. The eligibility requirements for obtaining a provincial nomination are different for different PNPs. The advantage of Provincial Nominee Program is that even those candidates who cannot earn enough Comprehensive Ranking System(CRS) score points to be selected in a federal Express Entry draw may obtain Canada PR. As far as Express Entry-aligned PNP pathways are concerned, the nominated candidates will receive an additional 600 CRS score points. It means, they will have a better chance for receiving an Invitation to Apply(ITA) for permanent residence in Canada from the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada(IRCC) in a subsequent Express Entry draw. Some PNP programs select immigration candidates based on their occupation and language proficiency, especially in French. So, by choosing the right PNP program, a candidate can easily realise their dream of obtaining a Canada PR.
How many PNPs are there to migrate to Canada?
As we know, Canada has 10 provinces and 3 territories. Each province and territory has its own PNP Program for immigration. The eligibility criteria and application process are different for each of these PNPs. A list of Canada’s Provincial Nomination Programs are as follows:
- Ontario Provincial Nominee Program (OINP)
- Alberta Advantage Immigration Program (AAIP)
- British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program (BC PNP)
- Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program (MPNP)
- Nova Scotia Nominee Program (NSNP)
- Prince Edward Island Provincial Nominee Program (PEI PNP)
- Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program (SINP)
- New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program (NB PNP)
- Northwest Territories Nominee Program (NTNP)
- Newfoundland and Labrador Immigration
- Territorial Immigration Nominee Program – Yukon
Alberta Advantage Immigration Program (AAIP)
Alberta Advantage Immigration Program, earlier known as the Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program, allows foreign workers with the skills and work experience that are in demand in the province, to obtain a nomination for permanent residence in Canada. To be eligible to apply for a provincial nomination from Alberta, a candidate must also prove that they are able to provide for their families. Once the candidate obtains the nomination, they can apply for Canada PR, either individually or with their spouse or common-law partner and dependent children.
British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program (BC PNP)
The British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program or BC PNP helps those who wish to settle in this westernmost province of Canada, obtain Canada PR. With fast-tracked processing of applications, the Provincial Nominee Program of British Columbia attracts foreign workers who have the skills and work experience that are in high demand in the province. Faster processing times is one advantage of BC PNP is the compared to other immigration programs of Canada.
Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program (MPNP)
Manitoba was the first Canadian province to launch a Provincial Nominee Program in 1998. Ever since its launch, the Manitoba PNP has helped the province to grow its economy through immigration, by attracting foreign workers with the skills that are of high demand. Currently, Manitoba welcomes 5000 new permanent residents every year and it is one of the favourite destinations for newcomers. According to recent data, more than 90 per cent of the newcomers to the province land in a job within the first year of their arrival. Also, 90 per cent of the newcomers choose to settle in the province permanently.
New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program (NB PNP)
Through the New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program (NBPNP) the province welcomes foreign skilled workers who are willing to settle here and contribute towards its economy. Excellent job opportunities and low cost of living are the two major factors that attract immigrants to this Maritime Province. Those skilled workers who wish to settle in New Brunswick have five immigration pathways under the NBPNP to choose from.
Newfoundland and Labrador Provincial Nominee Program (NL PNP)
Newfoundland and Labrador is one of the Atlantic Provinces of Canada, rich in natural and energy resources. The Provincial Nominee Program of Newfoundland and Labrador aims to select candidates who can fill the labour gaps in the province. The candidates, upon successfully obtaining a provincial nomination from Newfoundland and Labrador, can apply for permanent residence in Canada. Once they obtain the Canada PR, they can move to Newfoundland and Labrador with family, live and work here.
Northwest Territories and Nunavut Immigration
Those who wish to settle in the Northwest Territories or Nunavut may apply under the Northwest Territories Nominee Program. Northwest Territories (NWT) makes up a large part of Canada’s North. However, the population here is low and it offers immigrants better life standards and job opportunities for immigrants. Here, the residents get to enjoy seasonal fun activities like dog sledging, skiing and ice fishing in winter and camping, hiking and canoeing during summer. Besides, NWT also offers first-rate healthcare services, strong education system and lots of job opportunities.
Nova Scotia Nominee Program (NSNP)
Nova Scotia is one of the Atlantic Provinces of Canada. It comprises the Nova Scotia peninsula, Cape Breton Island and thousands of other small islands. Nova Scotia is known for high living standards, beautiful coasts and an incredible cuisine.
The Nova Scotia Nominee Program (NSNP) focuses on bringing in prospective immigrants who possess the right skills and experience to contribute to the economic growth of the province and tackle demographic challenges.
Ontario Immigration Nominee Program (OINP)
The OINP program facilitates the Canadian immigration process of managerial, professional and skilled workers and international students who aspire to become permanent residents of Canada. OINP operates 3 streams, under which candidates can apply for nomination.
Prince Edward Island Provincial Nominee Program (PEI PNP)
Those who seek to settle in the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island may apply for a nomination for Canadian Permanent Residence to Prince Edward Island Provincial Nominee Program0(PEI PNP). Candidates are selected based on their intention to settle in the province as well as their capacity to establish themselves economically in the province. Prince Edward Island launched its PNP in 2001, and ever since, it has been attracting immigrants who can contribute towards its economic progress and address the labour market needs of its economy. As per the data, PEI is the province that welcomes most number of immigrants per capita in Canada.
Saskatchewan Immigration Nominee Program (SINP)
The Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program was launched in 1998. The province is one of the popular destinations for newcomers to settle in Canada. Every year, Saskatchewan welcomes between 3000 and 4000 newcomers. Newcomers have a high rate of employment in the province, around 76 per cent. The province is also highly successful in retaining newcomers, with around 85 per cent of the new immigrants choosing to settle here. As the Saskatchewan PNP offers various immigration pathways, it is also called the easy PNP.
Yukon Nominee Program (YNP)
The Yukon Nominee Program (YNP) was launched in 2002. It allows the territory to target immigrants with the skills and experience that are in high demand in the province. Yukon Express Entry is the only enhance category under Yukon Nominee Program. All other categories are base categories.
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