Migration figures from the Australian Bureau of Statistics have revealed that there has been a dramatic increase in the number Indian migrants in Australia in the past few years. During the 2019-20 financial year, Indians became the second largest group of overseas-born residents, overtaking new immigrants from countries such as China and New Zealand. The largest group of immigrants in Australia is the English-born immigrants.
The number of Indian Immigrants in Australia grew from 449000 in June 2015 to 721000 in June 2020.
At the same time, the number of immigrants born in England shrunk from more than 1 million in 2015 to 980000 in 2020. In terms of the number, Indian immigrants are followed by those from China, New Zealand and the Philippines.
The overall population of those born abroad is also steadily increasing in Australia. While the immigrants constituted 27 per cent of the total population 2010, it was increased to 28 per cent in 2015 and to 30 per cent in 2020.
Australia needs immigration
For the past many years, Australia has been depending on immigration for population growth and economic development. The closing of borders in 2020 owing to the pandemic has resulted in Australia’s population growth turning negative. Experts also anticipate a negative impact of this fall in immigration on the country’s economic growth. They think that this will also affect the economic recovery of the country from the impact of COVID-19.
According to these experts, Australia needs to promote migration for ensuring economic recovery. Migration will remain key to Australia’s economic development in the decades to come. Skilled migrants contribute towards the tax base of the country. International students provide low-skilled labour and have high consumption. So the absence of these categories means Australian economy misses these benefits.
Because of this reasons, economic experts are urging the Australian government to find creative solutions for bringing immigrants back to Australia. The Government of Australia has also announced a few important measures to promote skilled worker and business immigration to the country, with an aim to boost post-COVID economic recovery and local job creation.