The results of the Canada federal elections to be held on September 20 will have a significant effect on immigration during the next four years. Though immigration is an area of shared jurisdiction between the federal and the provincial governments of Canada, the final say on matters related to immigration rests with the federal government. So the immigration policies of Canada in the next four years will largely depend on who comes to power in the upcoming elections.
Once one of the contesting parties comes to power after the elections, it will take at least one or two months to decide the cabinet members and make other key appointments. After that, the Prime Minister will issue a mandate letter to each of the ministers, outlining the policy priorities for the next four years. The immigration minister's mandate letter will outline the policy priorities for the Immigration Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).
So we can expect the new government by November. At present, Liberal Party is ruling Canada and Marco Mendicino is the immigration minister. If the Liberal Party comes to power again, it is likely that Mendicino would remain the immigration minister. So the priorities in his current mandate letter would be rolled over to a new mandate letter.
However, irrespective of which party comes to power, it's sure that Canada will continue to admit more immigrants. Canada is a country with low birth rate and a population which is aging fast. Besides, the country is facing a serious dearth of skilled labourers, which is necessary for the growth of businesses and industries as well as the progress of the economy as a whole.
At the same time, immigrants find Canada attractive primarily because of the country’s welcoming policy towards them. Canada has a sophisticated immigration system that makes the immigration process fairer, transparent and faster. Besides, the permanent residence status in Canada comes with a lot of benefits. These include free public healthcare, free school education for children, better career opportunities and high standards of living. Permanent residents can also apply for Canadian citizenship after a few years.