Quebec has released a new list of in-demand occupations, which are eligible for facilitated processing under the Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA). While the list in 2021 included only 181 occupations, the list of the current year includes 228 occupations. The list also covers all of Quebec and takes into account the labour needs of all regions.
The new list was released on February 24 and a 30-day transition period has been given for the employer or their representative to have their applications, which have been submitted under last year’s list, reviewed.
The Quebec Ministry of Immigration publishes a list of occupations eligible for facilitated LMIA on February 24 of every year. It benefits employers who wish to hire temporary foreign workers, as it accelerates the arrival of workers with experience in occupations featured in the list. Because of this reason, sectors which face acute labour shortage do not have to experience delay in processing the applications. So, employers who find it difficult to fill the vacancies with Canadian or permanent residents can hire foreign workers without much delay.
Quebec is a province which faces acute labour shortage in many sectors. The province has a low birth rate, a population that is aging fast and the second highest job vacancy rate in Canada. According to a study by the Canadian Federation of Independent Business (CFIB), 64% of small businesses in Quebec are experiencing labour shortages.
Facilitated LMIA process
Before applying for an LMIA, a Canadian employer must demonstrate that they have advertised an open position through a variety of methods and provided proof of their recruitment process. These include advertising the position for at least 28 days, interviewing eligible candidates etc. The facilitated LMIA process applications must be approved by both the provincial and federal government.
Quebec’s List of Occupations for Facilitated LMIA is established by Emploi-Québec in collaboration with Ministère de l’Immigration, de la Francisation et de l’Intégration (MIFI), and is based on Canada’s 2016 National Occupational Classification (NOC) system.